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Basics of Cooling and Heating Systems

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Getting through with the heating and cooling systems may be difficult because we often rely on air conditioning to keep us fresh during the summertime and heating systems to keep us warm during winter.

The natural response is always to seek professional service when the house is freezing in the winter and humid in the summer despite having these appliances. Little did you know that you may save service expenses by maintaining and doing simple repairs at home. 

First, it is important to know the fundamentals of heating and cooling systems.

What are Cooling and Heating Systems?

Cooling and heating systems are used for heating, cooling, and transporting air between indoor and outdoor spaces. These methods keep you warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Additionally, cooling and heating systems are the devices that maintain ideal humidity levels and clean indoor air to keep everyone healthy.

How Do Cooling and Heating Systems Work?

Like water flows from high to low levels, the basis for heating and cooling is the concept that heat always goes from warm to cool. Furnaces and heaters make places warmer, while air conditioners remove heat for a cooler environment.

When the furnace is turned on, the fuel, whether it is gas, oil, or electricity, is the one that powers it. Heat is created as fuel is consumed and is transferred to certain places of your home through ducts, pipes, or wires before being released by registers, radiators, or heating panels.

When an air conditioner is turned on, electricity is utilized to cool a gas in a coil until it becomes liquefied. Humid air in your house is cooled when it comes in contact with the cooling coil. The cooled air is then distributed to the rooms of your house by ducts or straight from the unit itself.

Types of Heating and Cooling Systems

Utility expenses are impacted by the type of heating and cooling system you choose to install, so making the right choice is crucial. Your indoor comfort is also the responsibility of your heating and cooling systems. The right setup is essential to achieve proper temperature and humidity regulation.

Geothermal Heat Pump

A geothermal heat pump is an eco-friendly and energy-efficient heating and cooling system. The system transports heat instead of converting it from a fuel source, similar to air-source heat pumps. The difference is that it moves heat from the ground instead of ambient air.

Furnace and Air Conditioner

Furnace and air conditioners are frequently referred to as “forced air.” These appliances operate by bringing in indoor air, heating or cooling it, and then using ducts to distribute the conditioned air to a specific room. While air conditioners usually run on electricity, furnaces can function on natural gas, oil, propane, or electricity.

Ductless Mini Split

Ductless mini split delivers steam or hot water to baseboard heaters, radiators, or radiant heating systems under the floor. Due to the high operating costs of electric boilers, gas and oil are the most common fuel sources. To either pair, a boiler with a central air conditioner or a ductless mini split relies greatly on the home’s duct system.

Heat Pump

The heat pump is a dual-fuel or hybrid heating system. The heat pump makes your house comfortable during mild temperatures while using the least energy. When it gets below cold, the gas-fired furnace offers additional heat. There is no need to use the less effective electric resistance heater.

Cool or Warm Air?

Knowing the basics of heating and cooling systems may enable you to lessen your utility expenses. Also, finding out how the heating and cooling system works and its types may help you determine what is best for your location. Prevent issues before they get out of hand by knowing how your home’s heating and cooling systems work.

References:
https://brennanheating.com/how-does-hvac-system-work/
https://www.petro.com/resource-center/what-is-hvac
https://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/heating-and-cooling/heating-and-cooling-system-basics-ga.htm
https://www.tripletheating.com/blog/6-types-of-heating-cooling-systems-explained/