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Premature Birth: Causes & Symptoms

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Premature birth, also known as preterm birth, occurs when a baby is born before the 37th week of pregnancy. Babies born prematurely may face various challenges and health risks. Here’s an overview of the causes, symptoms, and complications associated with premature birth:


  • Multiple Pregnancies: Women carrying more than one fetus (twins, triplets, etc.) are at a higher risk of premature birth.
  • Infections: Infections in the mother, such as urinary tract infections or sexually transmitted infections, can lead to premature birth.
  • Chronic Conditions: Health conditions in the mother, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, may increase the risk of preterm birth. 
  • Cervical Issues: Problems with the cervix, such as cervical insufficiency, can lead to premature birth.
  • Placental Issues: Complications related to the placenta, such as placental abruption or placenta previa, can result in premature birth. For more information, consult a gynecologist in lahore.
  • Uterine Issues: Uterine abnormalities or fibroids can sometimes lead to preterm birth.
  • Smoking and Substance Abuse: Smoking, drug use, and excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy can increase the risk of premature birth.
  • Stress and Lack of Prenatal Care: High levels of stress and a lack of adequate prenatal care may contribute to preterm birth.


The signs of premature birth can vary, but common symptoms may include:

  • Contractions: Regular contractions that occur before the 37th week of pregnancy can be a sign of premature labor.
  • Change in Vaginal Discharge: An increase in vaginal discharge, particularly if it becomes watery, bloody, or mucus-like, can be a sign of preterm labor.
  • Pelvic Pressure: A feeling of increased pressure in the pelvic area may indicate the onset of preterm labor.
  • Backache: Persistent lower back pain, often rhythmic in nature, can be associated with premature labor.
  • Abdominal Cramps: Unusual abdominal cramping or menstrual-like pain may suggest premature labor.

Preterm birth is a serious medical concern, and a gynecologist in Karachi can identify and manage risk factors to prevent it. Regular prenatal care, lifestyle modifications, and medical interventions when necessary can help reduce the risk of premature birth and its associated complications. If you suspect you may be experiencing premature labor, seek immediate medical attention.