Posted in:

Types of Smoke Detectors

The air within our abode cannot easily be deemed pure. Besides dust and bacteria, it can harbor animal dander, botanical pollen, and various allergenic substances. However, smokers and their cohabitants are particularly susceptible. Ventilation alone does not invariably succeed in ridding the room of the byproducts of smoking, especially if the view beyond the window reveals not a serene forest, but a bustling thoroughfare or a bustling factory. To surmount this quandary and foster an immaculate ambiance within the household, the employment of air purifiers specifically designed for tobacco smoke shall prove efficacious.

Harmful Components of Cigarette Smoke

Tobacco smoke harbors numerous substances that pose hazards to one’s well-being. Amongst the most pernicious constituents are as follows:

  • Acetone;
  • Arsenic;
  • Ammonia;
  • Nicotine;
  • Benzene;
  • Cadmium;
  • Toluene;
  • Methanol;
  • Carcinogenic resins;
  • Lead;

These elements are categorized into gaseous and aerosol (liquid droplet) fractions. The extent of harm caused by their inhalation, particularly passive inhalation, is well-known: cigarette packages bear inscriptions detailing the health risks associated with smoking. Even with an open window and ventilation, smoke does not entirely dissipate; imperceptible particles persist, permeating fabrics, wallpaper, and the very tresses of the inhabitants. Consequently, an unpleasant odor lingers, stubbornly resistant to removal without resorting to washing and laundering.

To achieve a more effective purification of the indoor air, the employment of specialized apparatus is advisable. The realm of the modern industry offers a diverse array of air purifiers tailored to this purpose. While no single device can wholly eradicate and neutralize pernicious particles from the atmosphere, they are capable of significantly diminishing their concentration.

Note also the article – 

Varieties of air cleaners by filter

Every apparatus, irrespective of its classification, is endowed with an air-propelling mechanism. It entices ambient air into its confines, wherein the gaseous mass proceeds into the filtration unit. Within this realm, the air traverses through membranes designed to ensnare particles of diverse sizes. Subsequently, having undergone purification, the revitalized air is released back into the room.

The filter stands as the pivotal component of any purifying apparatus. Its capacity to ensnare pernicious substances determines the degree of purity exhibited by the expelled air. Nevertheless, not all filter elements hold equal efficacy against cigarette smoke. To ascertain the optimal choice, one must carefully assess the array of existing variants.

Electrostatic devices

The primary component within such a contrivance consists of metallic plates that engender an electrifying atmosphere. Positively charged electrodes allure negatively charged particles of contaminants. Moreover, the plates necessitate infrequent replacement and exhibit ease of cleansing. Consequently, an air purifier outfitted with this mechanism proves cost-effective and user-friendly.

Renowned for its efficacy in combatting pollution and tobacco smoke, the ionic air purifier stands as a paragon. Its electrified plates possess the capability to attract minuscule particles as diminutive as 0.01 microns. Given their reusability, these devices are highly recommended for installation within public spaces beset by elevated levels of smoke.

Devices with mechanical filters

They comprise a metallic or plastic lattice, typically affixed to climate-controlling apparatus for supplementary filtration purposes.

Regular washing of the lattice is advisable, employing water as the cleansing agent. Alternatively, the use of a vacuum cleaner is also deemed suitable for their purification.

Photocatalytic technique

Within contrivances equipped with a photocatalytic filter, the process of purification unfolds through multiple phases. Initially, the ingress of tobacco-laden air undergoes purification from dust, debris, and other coarse impurities. Subsequently, it traverses into a compartment housing a catalyst and an ultraviolet lamp. Under their potent influence, the toxic substances undergo decontamination, decomposing into a benign state.

The purview of the photocatalytic filter encompasses an array of contaminants, including:

  • Particles of soot emanating from solid-fuel heaters
  • Vapors stemming from cleaning agents
  • Bacteria and viruses
  • Mold fungi
  • Emissions of noxious gases infiltrating from the external environment
  • Fumes of formaldehyde emitted by select furnishings
  • Cigarette smoke and its lingering scent

Photocatalytic filters rank among the most efficacious means of purifying and disinfecting the air. Additionally, these filter units accompanied by an absorber consume minimal electricity, requiring a biannual cleaning regimen using a vacuum cleaner.

However, it is important to note that photocatalytic technology’s drawback lies in its propensity for excessive disinfection of the room, potentially undermining a child’s immune system. Consequently, it is advisable not to maintain the continuous operation of such an air purifier within a child’s room; periodic deactivation is recommended.

Machines with HEPA filters

HEPA, an acronym for High-Efficiency Particulate Arrestance, designates a filter crafted from a meticulously arranged sheet of glass fibers. Its structure is fashioned in an accordion-like manner and securely ensconced within a casing. With a remarkable efficacy of 95% in capturing pollutants, the advanced TRUE HEPA variant boasts the capability to eradicate up to 99.9% of deleterious substances. Consequently, these filters find frequent employment within medical establishments. However, the drawback lies in their considerable expense and limited usability, as they are designed for single-use only.

Devices with charcoal filtering unit

Such filters are commonly referred to as adsorption filters, renowned for their ability to effectively absorb toxic gases and noxious odors. Within the filter container, one can introduce granular activated carbon or powder as the adsorbent material. It is advisable to opt for the former, as powdery fillings create excessive resistance to the incoming air, necessitating higher power consumption to operate the unit.

The adsorption filter blocks are designed for single-use and necessitate replacement every six months. Failure to do so renders the unit itself a potential source of contamination.

Devices equipped with charcoal filtering elements serve as an efficacious means of purifying the air from tobacco-related impurities. However, it is ill-advised to employ such absorbers in areas with high humidity, such as bathrooms. Moisture tends to be adsorbed by the filter, thereby compromising its performance.

Water air purifiers

Within a contrivance boasting a water filter, the ambient air, upon being drawn from the room, embarks on a journey into a receptacle brimming with water. Within this realm, dedicated blades fervently agitate the air, blending it seamlessly with the aqueous medium. The consequence thereof entails the settling of prevailing pollutants at the reservoir’s base, while the purified and humidified air gracefully courses back into the room.

Criteria for choosing an air purifier

Prior to acquiring an air purifier for your abode, apartment, or workplace, it is essential to direct your attention towards the following pivotal factors:

  1. The type and quantity of installed filters, with notable efficacy found in electrostatic, charcoal, HEPA, and photocatalytic variants.
  2. The ambient humidity level within the targeted area, as devices equipped with charcoal filters are unsuitable for environments with excessive moisture.
  3. The capacity of the apparatus. Careful consideration of the room’s volume requiring air purification is imperative, as the selection should align with this parameter. In instances where the entire apartment necessitates cleansing, multiple purifiers may be indispensable.

In addition to the aforementioned factors, the presence of supplementary features augments the versatility of the appliance, including:

  • An aromatizer, imparting a pleasant fragrance to the air.
  • A contamination sensor, facilitating the determination of filter replacement timing.
  • Remote control capability.
  • A timer, enabling precise scheduling of the device’s activation and deactivation.
  • A mode selector, conserving power consumption by activating the purifier solely when ambient air quality occasionally degrades.
  • A display screen, offering insights into device operations, facilitating control and timely adjustments.

An advantageous choice for practical usage entails a device endowed with automatic mode selection. Such an apparatus autonomously modulates its performance based on the prevailing air pollution levels within the room.

Anti-smoke purifiers can be positioned on tables or floors, or affixed to walls or ceilings. Compact built-in models are also available, which prove convenient for small-sized apartments or offices.

While mitigating the effects of smoking can pose challenges, safeguarding your loved ones from toxic smoke becomes distinctly feasible with the aid of air purifiers. Moreover, an air conditioner equipped with an integrated purifier proves exceptionally convenient for domestic usage. It not only ensures a constant supply of purified outdoor air but also facilitates air filtration within the confines of the room.